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Beta

Air

Air

The quality of the air around us is affected by pollutants released into the atmosphere through human activities, such as transport and industry, as well as from natural sources.

Climate

Climate

Over the last century, Scotland’s climate has become warmer, while changes in rainfall patterns have led to drier summers and wetter winters. We have also seen more frequent heavy rainfall events.

Habitats and species

Habitats and species

Scotland's habitats are rich and varied. These have been shaped by natural variation in the rocks, soils, land forms, the surrounding seas and vagaries of our climate.

Land

Land

We grow food and timber on it; we build our houses and roads on it; much of our water filters through and is purified by it; it stores carbon and it supports a range of habitats and species.

People and the environment

People and the environment

Our environment provides a wide range of benefits, such as the air we breathe, the food we eat and the water we drink, as well as the many materials needed in our homes, at work and for leisure.

Water

Water

Scotland has around 19,000 km of coastline, which makes up 8% of Europe's coast. The area from the coast to our fishery limits (470,000 km2) is around six times the size of the land area of Scotland.

State of the environment

State of the environment

On the whole, Scotland’s environment is of good quality and there have been many significant improvements in recent years. However, the state of the environment report clearly shows that some habitats and species are under threat, and poor air quality continues to affect some people in our towns and cities.

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