We now understand more about the causes and effects of air pollution but need clearer, more compelling ways to explain this to people living in Scotland so they make everyday transport choices which reduce air pollution, especially in urban areas.
Health Protection Scotland (HPS) in collaboration with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) and Health Scotland (HS) with funding from Scotland’s environment web through LIFE, led a programme with the overall aim of developing key messages around road transport related emissions to promote improvements in public health for stakeholders including the general public employers, industry and organisations generally; and politicians and government institutions.
This webpage outlines the findings from the project partners listed below.
The programme consisted of:
The group will be carrying out further work on making best use of the key messages to influence attitudes, decisions and behaviours. Some examples of the key messages are:
We all contribute to and are exposed to air pollution. The Scottish Government recognises that clean air is essential for our health and wellbeing and is demonstrating its commitment through the Clean Air for Scotland (CAFS) Strategy. One of the objectives of the LES is ‘A Scotland where all are informed, engaged and empowered to improve air quality’. This project contributes to this objective with the overall aim of developing key messages for use to promote improvements in air quality and in public health, and thus contribute to addressing health inequalities in Scotland.
The IOM Literature Review Report (PDF) presents the findings from the two evidence reviews of ‘health impacts of air pollution’ and of ‘behaviour change related to people’s preferred choices of personal transport’.
This evidence review was to investigate air pollution, health and wellbeing. The evidence surrounding air quality and health is well developed and the adverse health effects of specific traffic pollutants well studied as well as the effects of traffic pollution mixture as a whole, including living close to busy roads. However, results from the literature review of wellbeing and air pollution showed a scarcity of evidence in this area.
This review examines behaviour and behaviour change in the context of air pollution associated with transport use. This improves the evidence on air pollution in Scotland in particular in relation to drivers for behaviours in relation to transport and active travel. One of the main objectives of this review is to inform the development of key messages which will be aimed primarily at effecting behaviour change in the use of typical road transport and to encourage use of less polluting forms of personal transport.
Scottish Urban Air Quality Steering Group (SUAQSG) agreed to focus on air pollutants associated with road traffic, as this is one of the biggest sources of poor air quality in our towns and cities. A group of experts from health, the environment and transport were invited to workshops. The first workshop explored three themes using a modified DPSEEA (Drivers, Pressures, State, Exposure, Effects, Actions) model surrounding different aspects of air quality: Particulate Matter (one of the groups of pollutants generated by road transport); the proximity of people and pollutants; and public transport. The 2nd workshop used the ISM (Individual, Social and Material) tool to frame discussions and structure outputs.
The partners involved in this research were:
Professor George Morris, Consultant in Environmental Health
Supporting information that was used in the programme:
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